Looking at Worship - the Eucharist
Jesus, at the Last Supper, instructed the disciples
"Whenever you do this, do it in memory of me." He was talking
about the four-fold action of take, bless, break and share of
the bread and wine.
This is what is now celebrated in most churches, and in this parish, as
central act of worship, in what is known variously as the sacrament of
Holy Communion, the Mass or
WHAT'S THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN (HOLY) MASS, (HOLY)
AND (HOLY) EUCHARIST?
No difference. These are three names for the same
Mass is derived from the
Latin ending of the service "Ite missa est" meaning "Go, it is sent".
The name is convenient because of its shortness and because unlike the
other two names it does not also refer to a particular part of the
service. It also reminds us of th very important aspect of our being
snet out into the world from our encounter with God in Christ in the
Communion(from Latin) refers
to the act of our being joined with Christ and all Christians when we
receive the bread and wine.
Eucharist (from Greek)
means thanksgiving and refers particularly to that part of the service
priest consecrates the bread and wine by saying a prayer of
thanksgiving over them.
WHAT WILL I NEED ?
Nothing. Books are supplied in church, or the text is
For use in church we have chosen the New Revised
Version of the bible. This may be bought from the parish office if you
would like one for use at home.
For the Mass, we now use only "An
Anglican Prayer Book, 1989" commonly abbreviated to APB. This is not
only a revision of the language of the older book (South African Prayer
Book 1954), but more importantly
earlier understandings of the service, and allows greater freedom and
variety of worship.
WHAT MUST I WEAR ?
We want everyone to be free to follow their own sense of
what is fitting, and not feel judged by others for it.
MAY I RECEIVE COMMUNION ?
If you are from another church and receive communion
there (and are baptised) you may receive communion. If you are Anglican
you will need to have been confirmed or have been admitted to communion.
You may receive communion in different ways, either
receiving the host (bread) directly onto your tongue, or into your
hand, and either drinking the wine from the chalice, or dipping your
host into the wine.
WHAT IF I AM NOT RECEIVING COMMUNION?
If you are not receiving communion you may still come to
the rail for a blessing. Fold your arms across your chest to indicate
that you are not receiving.
There are four liturgical colours used during the
year: Red, White, Purple and Green.
Their significance is;
Purple is the colour of penitence. So it is used in the two seasons of
Lent and Advent. In Lent as we prepare ourselves for the suffering,
death and resurrection of Jesus Christ, we are aware of how much we
need his saving death for our sins, and so appropriately, offer them to
the Lord in repentance. In Advent, as we look to the return of Jesus as
king and judge, we are made aware of how we have failed to walk with
him as we ought, and so turn to him, seeking forgiveness.
or Gold :
White marks both celebration and new life, and so is
used at Christmass and Easter, during the seasons of
Christmass and Easter, and for all celebrations (Feasts and
Commemorations) such as saint's days that don't use
Red marks the Holy Spirit (from the colour of fire) and blood, and so
is used for Feasts and Commemorations of those
martyred for their faith, and at the Great Feast of Pentecost in
honour of the Holy Spirit, as well as the Feasts of
the original transmitters of
the Holy Spirit, the Apostles.
Green is used when no other colour is appropriate, and so matches
Ordinary Time (the other Sundays of the Year outside the seasons).
During this time, which is a time for reflecting on our spirtual
growth, the colour is green, which depicts
Church Year — Liturgical Seasons
The Church Year contains 4 special seasons and 7 universal
feasts, as well as a number of feasts and commemorations.
The 4 seasons are;
Advent has 4 Sundays, with the first
Sunday always four
Sundays before Christmass, and so the date changes year by year,
falling somewhere between 27 November and 3 December. Advent is the
start of the Church's year. Advent focusses on Christ's first coming
when he was born as man, and Christ's second coming, his return as king
and judge. Advent lasts until Christmass.
Christmasstide is kept from Christmass day to the Great
feast of the
Epiphany (January 6th). (The 12 days of Christmass)
Lent runs from Ash Wednesday to Easter. It is forty days
(excluding the Sundays). We
remember Jesus' forty days in the wilderness being tempted at the start
of his ministry.
Eastertide runs from Easter Day to the Feast of
Pentecost. Forty days
after Easter we celebrate Ascension Day; and ten days later, Pentecost.
The name "Pentecost" means "50th" and was the Jewish feast of the
giving of the law
to Moses, and the day on which the Holy Spririt came upon the apostles
in the upper room.
THE GREAT FEASTS
- 1. Christmass Day
The celebration of the birth of Jesus.
- 2. The Epiphany :
The Epiphany recalls the wise men (magi) coming to
worship the baby
King of the Jews. This marks the good news of salvation being for the
whole world, not just for the Jews. In the Early Church Epiphany was a
more important Feast than Christmass. The name means "showing
- 3. Easter or the Easter
The Triduum, three days, ( Maundy Thursday,
Good Friday and
Easter morning ), that bring together the central
Christian Faith is based, the death of Jesus and his resurrection.
The occasion (40 days after Easter) when Jesus
was seen by His
disciples rising in his body through the clouds to heaven,
after which they no longer saw him in bodily form.
- 5. Pentecost
The day (50 days after the Resurrection) when the Holy Spriit came upon
Apostles in the upper room as they were keeping the Jewish feast of
- 6. Corpus Christi
A celebration of God
nurturing us with the Body and Blood of Jesus (Corpus= body)
- 7. All
A day on which we celebrate the heritage we have from all the
saints who have gone before us and also that our destiny is
with them in the glory of heaven.
PATRONAL FESTIVAL /DEDICATION FESTIVAL.
addition each congregation will keep as a local Great Feasst, the day
of its dedication or its Patronal Festival (Feast of Title.) Ours is
kept for all three congregations on the Feast of St Michael and All
Angels, 29th September.
Anglican Parish of Boksburg (Fr Tom